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Award in Occupational Psychology - February 2021

Announcements

Announcement 01 - Welcome

Announcement 02 - Quiz Notes for students

Academy Documents

Complaints Procedure Policy

Complaints Form

Students' Evaluation Form

Lecture Presentations

Lecture presentations will be available during the week following the lecture.

Lecture 1 - What is Occupational Psychology

Lecture 2 - Ethical & Legal Considerations in Occupational Psychology

Lecture 3 - Applied Techniques in Occupational Psychology  - Q Method example link

Lecture 4 - Introduction to Organisational Change & Development - The inner side of Organizational Change

Lecture 5 - Recruitment - How to master recruiting

Lecture 6 - Designing Jobs and Work Environments

Lecture 7 - Workplace Safety, Error Prevention & Risk Management - Ergonomics Expert Explains How to Set Up Your Desk

Lecture 8 - Work & Well-Being

Lecture 9 - Leadership Part 1

Lecture 10 - Leadership Part 2

Lecture 11 - Performance Coaching

Lecture 12 - Introduction to Training Learning Development - The Efficacy of Coaching - https://www.eapa.org.uk

Lecture Summaries & Suggested Reading 

Lecture 1 - What is Occupational Psychology?

Learning Outcomes

  • You will have an understanding of the branches in Occupational Psychology, how it gained popularity and how the nature of work has changed over the years.
  • You have a chance to identify the selling points of an Occupational Psychologist and its consultancy cycle.
  • You will gain awareness of how an Occupational Psychologist collects and presents its observations to its client.

Topics Covered

  • Terms of Reference of the field
  • Sub-Branches in Occupational Psychology
  • Contribution to wider disciplines
  • Definition of Occupational Psychology
  • A Brief History
  • The Changing Nature of Work
  • Selling Points of Occupational Psychology
  • Areas in Occupational Psychology
  • The Consultancy Cycle
  • Loyalties

Core Reading List

  • Occupational Psychology: An Applied Approach (2013)
    By Dr. Gail Step-Toe Warren
  • Organizational Psychology and Behaviour An Integrated Approach to Understanding the Workplace (2019)
    By Zinta Byrne
  • Work in the 21st Century An Introduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychology (2019)
    By Jeffrey M. Conte, Frank J. Landy

Lecture 2 - Ethical & Legal Considerations in Occupational Psychology

Learning Outcomes

  • You will gain an understanding of some key laws that will be relevant in Occupational Psychology.
  • You will have the chance to discuss some examples of tricky situations that you might encounter as you practice Occupational Psychology.
  • You will gain awareness of how you can protect yourself whilst conducting your job

Topics Covered

  • The Equality Act
  • Direct Vs. Indirect Discrimination
  • Discrimination by Association
  • Dual Discrimination
  • Occupational Health & Safety Authority Act
  • Employer’s Key Responsibilities
  • Employee’s Key Responsibilities
  • Data Protection Act
  • Data Protection Key Principles
  • Exemptions
  • Rights of Data Subjects

Core Reading List

Lecture 3 - Applied Techniques in Occupational Psychology

Learning Outcomes

  • To be able to systematically evaluate and select appropriate principles, research findings and techniques for Occupational Psychology interventions.
  • To understand the utility and best practices associated with the scientific application of the psychological theories and principles learnt within the workplace context.

Topics Covered

  • Observational Approaches
  • Critical Incident Approaches
  • Repertory Grids Approach
  • Appreciative Enquiry Approach
  • Psychometric Testing Approach
  • Employee Life-Cycle

Core Reading List

  • Ehigie, B. O., & Ehigie, R. I. (2005). Applying Qualitative Methods in Organizations: A Note for Industrial/Organizational Psychologists. The Qualitative Report, 10(3), 621-638. Retrieved from https://nsuworks.nova.edu/tqr/vol10/iss3/10
  • Bannister, D., Fransella, F. and Bell, R., 2004. A Manual For Repertory Grid Technique. 2nd ed. West Sussex, England: Wiley.
  • Chai, D., Jeong, S., Kim, S. and Hamlin, B., 2019. A Case Of Critical Incident Technique: Perceived Managerial And Leadership Effectiveness. SAGE Publications Limited.
  • Saunders, M. and Tosey, P., 2015. Handbook Of Research Methods On Human Resource Development. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.

Lecture 4 - Introduction to Organisational Change & Development

Learning Outcomes

  • Understanding the function and various types of organisational structures, theories of organisational design.
  • Understanding the difference between Organisational Culture Vs Organisational Climate, identifying sub-cultures and dominant cultures and understand the functions and uses of an organisational culture.
  • Understanding the meaning of organisational change and change options whilst identifying how resistance to change is tackled,

Topics Covered

  • The Function of an Organisational Structure
  • Organisational Culture
  • Organisational Change & Development

Core Reading List

  • Ashkanasy, N., Wilderom, C. and Peterson, M. (2000) Handbook Of Organizational Culture & Climate. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications
  • Choi, M. (2011) "Employees' Attitudes Toward Organizational Change: A Literature Review". Human Resource Management 50 (4), 480
  • Conger, J. (2000) in Effective Change Begins At The Top. ed. by Beer, M. and Nohria, N. Boston: Harvard Business School
  • Dunphy, D. (2000) "Embracing Paradox: Top-Down Versus Participative Management Of Organizational Change.." in Cracking Code Of Change.. ed. by Beer, M. and Nohria, N. Boston: Harvard Business School

Lecture 5 - Recruitment

Learning Outcomes

  • Understanding the difference between recruitment and selection, the importance of having competencies for which to assess against and the importance of having a person specification.
  • Critically evaluate current theory and practice in recruitment and selection;
  • Understanding the recruitment phase, what happens if things go wrong and the reliability and validity of selection methods.
  • Critically evaluate and apply ethical guidelines with sensitivity and integrity.

Topics Covered

  • Personnel Selection & Assessment
  • Reliability & Validity of Selection Methods
  • Ethics & Legal Considerations in Selection & Assessment

Core Reading List

Lecture 6 - Designing Jobs & Work Environments

Learning Outcomes

  • Understanding what is job design and the outcomes associated with it.
  • Evaluation of the various job characteristics models and considerations of future developments.
  • Understanding the link between job motivation and job satisfaction.

Topics Covered

  • Definition of Job Design
  • A Brief History
  • Motivation
  • Job Satisfaction
  • Managing Motivation & Satisfaction

Core Reading List

  • Grant, A. M. (2007). Relational job design and the motivation to make a prosocial difference. The Academy of Management Review, 32, 393–417.
  • Hackman, J. R., & Oldham, G. R. (1976). Motivation through the design of work: Test of a theory. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 16, 250–279.
  • Piccolo R.F., Greenbaum R.L., Eissa G. (2012) Ethical Leadership and Core Job Characteristics: Designing Jobs for Employee Well-Being. In: Reilly N., Sirgy M., Gorman C. (eds) Work and Quality of Life. International Handbooks of Quality-of-Life. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-4059-4_16.

Lecture 7 - Workplace Safety, Error Prevention & Risk Management

Learning Outcomes

  • Understanding the difference between Safety Culture vs. Safety Climate.
  • Understanding what is Safety Management and how to address the indicators of good and poor safety management.
  • Implementing Risk Management and what is involved.
  • Identify the importance of ergonomics and its four main areas of ergonomics.

Topics Covered

  • Safety Culture Vs. Safety Climate
  • Guidelines to Create a Safety Climate
  • Measures of Safety Culture/Climate
  • Safety Management
  • Implementation of Safety Programmes
  • Ergonomics

Core Reading List

  • Bridger, R., 2009. Introduction To Ergonomics. 2nd ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
  • Parsons, K., 2000. Environmental ergonomics: a review of principles, methods and models. Applied Ergonomics, [online] 31(6), pp.581-594. Available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0003687000000442.
  • Neal, A. and Griffin, M., 2002. Safety Climate and Safety Behaviour. Australian Journal of Management, [online] 27(1_suppl), pp.67-75. Available at: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/031289620202701s08.
  • Vredenburgh, A., 2013. Organizational safety: Which management practices are most effective in reducing employee injury rates?. Journal of Safety Research, 33(2).

Lecture 8 - Work & Well-Being

Learning Outcomes

  • Gain an understanding of how work links with an individual’s personal and organisational well-being.
  • Identifying the negative aspects of work including stress, work-place bullying and the roles of emotions as well as the symptoms and disorders, and potential interventions to increase well-being at work.

Topics Covered

  • Factors affecting Well-Being
  • Positive impact on Well-Being
  • Negative impact on Well-Being
  • The Link between Attributes & Behaviour
  • How to build Resilience & Thrive?
  • Bullying at Work & Counterproductive Behaviours
  • Work-Life Balance
  • Managing Stress
  • Physical Activity at Work

Core Reading List

  • De Jonge, J. and Schaufeli, W. (1998) "Job Characteristics And Employee Well-Being: A Test Of Warr's Vitamin Model In Health Care Workers Using Structural Equation Modelling". Journal Of Organizational Behavior 19 (4), 387-407
  • Dollard, M. and Bakker, A. (2010) "Psychosocial Safety Climate As A Precursor To Conducive Work Environments, Psychological Health Problems, And Employee Engagement". Journal Of Occupational And Organizational Psychology 83 (3), 579-599
  • Einarsen, S., Hoel, H., Zapf, D. and Cooper, C. (2010) Bullying And Harassment In The Workplace. Developments In Theory, Research And Practice. New York: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis
  • HSE (2018) Work Related Stress Depression Or Anxiety Statistics In Great Britain, 2018 [online] Annual Statistics. HSE in collaboration with the National Statistics. available from http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/causdis/stress.pdf

Lecture 9 - Leadership (Part 1)

Learning Outcomes

  • Understanding the broad concept of leadership and the attributes required to be a leader.
  • Identifying how leadership is constructed.

Topics Covered

  • Defining Leadership
  • Leadership Vs. Management
  • Leadership Approaches
  • Leadership Styles

Core Reading List

Lecture 10 - Leadership (Part 2)

Learning Outcomes

  • Gain an understanding of groups and teams dynamics.
  • Developing an understanding of how leadership types influence change in the work place.
  • Understanding the effect of leadership on organsiaitonal performance.

Topics Covered

  • Groups & Teams
  • Strategic Leadership
  • Organisational Performance

Core Reading List

  • Kozlowski, S., 2017. Enhancing the Effectiveness of Work Groups and Teams: A Reflection. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 13(2), pp.205-212.
  • Kozlowski, S. and Bell, B., 2012. Work Groups and Teams in Organisations. Industrial and Organizational Psychology III. ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, 12.
  • Rowe, W., 2001. Creating wealth in organizations: The role of strategic leadership. Academy of Management Perspectives, 15(1), pp.81-94.
  • Barbara J. Davies & Brent Davies * (2004) Strategic leadership, School Leadership & Management, 24:1, 29-38, DOI: 10.1080/1363243042000172804
  • Hollander, E. (1980) "Leadership And Social Exchange Processes." in Social Exchange - Advances In Theory And Research [online] ed. by Gergen, K., Greenberg, M. and Willis, R. New York: Plenum Press, 103. available from https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-1-4613-3087-5#about

Lecture 11 - Performance Coaching

Learning Outcomes

  • Developing the ability to identify both wellbeing and performance indicators which suggest the need for Performance Coaching within the workplace.
  • Developing an understanding and ability to demonstrate the benefits of implementing Performance Coaching techniques upon both employee wellbeing and organisational performance.

Topics Covered

  • The Principles of Coaching
  • How is Coaching different to Counselling?
  • Relationships in Workplace Counselling
  • Employee Assistance Programmes
  • Ethical Considerations
  • Coaching & Developing Employees
  • Workplace Interventions

Core Reading List

Lecture 12 - Introduction to Learning, Training and Development

Learning Outcomes

  • Gain an understanding of individual learning styles, skill acquisition and training design.
  • Undertaking a training needs analysis.
  • Evaluation of a variety of training methods.

Topics Covered

  • Skills & Competencies
  • Purpose of Training & Development
  • Difference between Training & Development
  • Business Drivers for Training & Development
  • Designing a Training Programme
  • Delivering a Training Programme
  • Training Evaluation
  • Threats to Successful Training
  • Challenges for 21st Century Training

Core Reading List

  • Carliner, S., 2015. Training Design Basics. 2nd ed. Vancouver: ATD Press.
  • Salas, E., Weaver, S. J., & Shuffler, M. L. (2012). Learning, training, and development in organizations. In S. W. J. Kozlowski (Ed.), Oxford library of psychology. The Oxford handbook of organizational psychology, Vol. 1 (p. 330–372). Oxford University Press.

Assessments

There will be one in class group quiz during the 6th lecture. Information on how this will be carried out may be obtained from this note. The Quiz will carry 20% of the final score.

For your final assignment, you have to choose 1 out of the 3 questions which are made available in the Assignment Submission form below. Assignments should be submitted by not later than Friday 5 May 2021. Assignment has to be submitted together with the Assignment Submission Form. The assignment will carry 80% of the final score.

Assignment Submission Form

If you need information on how to plan, draft and submit your assignment follow the 21 Academy presentation on Writing and Submitting your Assignment.

We are also making the 21 Academy's Assignments Rubric available for your guidance. This is a performance-based assessment tool. Tutors will use the rubric to assist them to allocate scoring while it allows students to understand what is required in the assignment and how it will be graded.

Assignments should be sent accompanied by their respective assignment submission form on info@advisory21.com.mt. Please send assignments in pdf format. Do not scan assignment but convert/save it directly to pdf.

Note that the submitted assignments will be scanned for plagiarism.

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