9 March 2022 - This is the link to book your place for the Planning and Writing an Assignment webinar being held on Tuesday 15 March 2022 at 18.00hrs.

Online Sessions Link

To connect to the online sessions of this module please click on this link. You will be asked to register your attendance if you are not already signed in into your Zoom account. You will also be asked for the password which is below.

Meeting ID: 927 4101 3624
Passcode: 472361

Make sure that you show with your name & surname as you have been registered for the study programme. This is very important for attendance purposes.

Lecture Schedule & Notes

Lecture notes will be available during the week following the respective lecture. Schedule dates are indicative and may change. All changes, if any, may be communicated via email, SMS or telephone calls.

LectureDateTimePresentationNotes (If Any)
Lecture 017 March 202217:30 to 20:00hrsSession 01
Lecture 0210 March 202217:30 to 20:00hrsSession 02
Lecture 0314 March 202217:30 to 20:00hrsSession 03
Lecture 0417 March 202217:30 to 20:00hrsSession 04


Dr Nicola Jaccarni

Dr Andrei Vella

Lecture Summaries & Suggested Reading 

Lecture 1 - Introduction to Commercial Law

  • Definition and brief history of Commercial Law
  • Fundamental principles of Commercial Law
  • Sources of Commercial Law
  • Basic contractual principles
  • Acts of Trade;
    • Objective Acts of Trade
    • Subjective Acts of Trade
  • Difference between Acts of Trade an Acts of a Civil Nature

Core Reading List

Supplementary Reading List


Lecture 2 - The Trader

  • Definition of Trader
  • Requirements for becoming a trader
  • Commercial Partnerships
  • Limited and Unlimited Liability
  • Declaration of Bankruptcy
  • Emancipation of Minors to Trade
  • Barriers to Trade

Core Reading List

Supplementary Reading List


Lecture 3 - Duties of Traders

  • The three main duties of Traders
  • Duty of the Keeping of Trade Books
  • Duty to Publish Marriage Contracts
  • Duty to keep within the Limits of Fair Competition
    • Notion of Unfair Competition
    • Protection of Trademarks
    • Articles 32 - 37 of the Commercial Code

Core Reading List

Supplementary Reading List


Lecture 4 - Credit Instruments and Bills of Exchange

  • What is credit?
  • Definition of Credit Instruments
  • Characteristics of Credit Instruments
  • What are Bills of Exchange & their development
  • Formalities of Bills of Exchange
  • Endorsement of Bill of Exchange
  • Promissory Notes

Core Reading List

Supplementary Reading List

Methods of Assessment

Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) examination - 20% weighting

1 out of a choice of 3 assignment titles. - 80% weighting


You have to choose 1 out of the 3 questions which will be made available in the Assignment Submission form below. Assignment should be submitted by not later than Thursday 5 May 2022. The assignment has to be submitted together with the Assignment Submission Form. Please indicate the questions which you have addressed in the Assignment Submission form.

Assignment Submission Form

If you need information on how to plan, draft and submit your assignment follow the 21 Academy presentation on Writing and Submitting your Assignment.

We are also making the 21 Academy's Assignments Rubric available for your guidance. This is a performance-based assessment tool. Tutors will use the rubric to assist them to allocate scoring while it allows students to understand what is required in the assignment and how it will be graded.

Assignment should be sent accompanied by the respective assignment submission form on Please send assignments in pdf format. Do not scan assignment but convert/save it directly to pdf.

Note that the submitted assignment will be scanned for plagiarism.

Use the following free online plagiarism checker - - which also provides a detailed report and also indicates the sentences in your assignment which are showing as copied and pasted. Such sentences should be paraphrased.
Together with each assignment you must submit a copy of the plagiarism report which confirms that you have submitted your assignment with a similarity score which does not exceed 20%. We will still be verifying the score from our end but this will give an initial peace of mind to those receiving your assignments that you have checked them from your end.
We ask you to keep the similarity percentage very low and definitely below 20%. You should  review and rephrase any assignments which show more than 20% similarity.

Academy Documents

Complaints Procedure Policy

Complaints Form

Students' Evaluation Form

Students Privacy Notice

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